British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa
British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa
Women's Emigration
The Hon. Mrs. Ellen Joyce was the head of the British Women’s Emigration Association (BWEA) from 1901 until 1919. The aim of the BWEA was to encourage middle class women to emigrate to the colonies because of a perceived surplus of women in England and Wales while there was a dearth of British women in the colonies, particulary in Canada and Australia. The database below lists 587 of the women assisted by the BWEA. (The database about the 1906 Emigration contains 99 names.)
 
The 1901 Census revealed that there were a million more women than men in England and Wales. Mrs. Joyce was married to a Church of England clergyman, the Reverend James Gerald Joyce, and they resided at St. John’s Croft, Winchester, Hampshire, England. Most of her work appears to have been carried out from this house as the address shows frequently in her correspondence.

The young women ranged in age from 14 to mid-40s, and the majority went to Ontario or Western Canada. Most were single, but a few of the older women were widows. All were said to be of good character. The safety of the women during and after their travel was uppermost in the BWEA's thinking and contact was maintained after their arrival to assist in integration into Canadian society, this was particularly true of the women coming through the Girls Friendly Society where Anglican congregations were the welcoming link.

The BWEA encouraged and assisted educated young women to emigrate to Canada to take up positions as governesses, and particularly domestic workers. Mrs. Joyce was a strong imperialist and felt it vital to spread British culture and maintain the colonies as part of the British Empire.
 
Mrs. Joyce was also anti-suffrage and anti-feminist and in her speeches said: "There is no bigger attitude or higher aspiration than to be one of the Daughters of a Christian Empire. The GFS [Girls Friendly Society] has done the very best Imperial work that has been done, in sending women who have been under the highest influences from cultured, refined, religious women, to become the mothers of a race, not dwarfed by poverty; or cramped by pressure as in the Nest and Nursery of the Mother-Land; but free, contented, God-fearing women in the Great Garden of the British Empire. Let us enthuse ourselves and then enthuse others with the idea that the Empire and not the island is women’s sphere . .  . Empire building ought not to be left to accident. It is the finest, most interesting, the most satisfactory bit of work an Englishwoman can lay her hands to do."
 
The Times (London, England) of Friday, May 23rd. 1924 published the following under Deaths:
JOYCE – On the 21st. May, at St. John’s Croft, Winchester, Ellen, widow of Rev. James Gerald Joyce, daughter of Francis William Rice, 5th Baron Dynevor, aged 92. Service Winchester Cathedral, 12.15pm. Interment Stratfieldsaye, to-morrow (Saturday) 3p.m. (nearest station, Mortimer).

There is a memorial to Mrs. Joyce in Winchester Cathedral that reads as follows:
To the revered memory of the Hon Ellen Joyce OBE
Lady of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem
Wife of the Rev Gerald Joyce
Born Jan 12 1832 Died May 21 1924
In gratitude for her devoted work
On behalf of the women and girls
Of the Empire and as a pioneer
Of protected emigration
 
Any records in England that contained information on individual women were destroyed in 1964, therefore the records held by Library and Archives Canada have added significance for any persons researching women’s immigration to Canada.
 
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Records: 51 to 100 of 587

Name   Age Destination Ship SS Date
Bennett, Mary 28 St Catherines, Ontario Canada 11 May, 1905
Berry, Alice 25 Montreal, Quebec Canada 24 November, 1904
Betts, Annie 19 Montreal, Quebec Canada 2 March, 1904
Beverley, Helen 30 Toronto, Ontario Canada 14 October, 1903
Bevis, Martha 47 Montreal, Quebec Canada 5 August, 1903
Bick, Caroline Montreal, Quebec Canada 5 August, 1903
Biggs, Elizabeth 32 Sudbury, Ontario Canada 5 May, 1904
Biggs, Susanna 34 Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 1 July, 1903
Bishop, Edith 37 Albion Canada 11 May, 1905
Bishop, Mabel 20 St. Catherines, Ontario Canada 27 October, 1904
Bishop, Martha Montreal, Quebec Canada 27 October, 1904
Black , Jessie Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 9 June, 1904
Blackburn, Elizabeth 27 Toronto, Ontario Canada 5 May, 1904
Blackburn, Jane 42 London, Ontario Canada 27 October, 1904
Blackburn, Sarah 42 Montreal, Quebec Canada 11 May, 1905
Bone, Ethel 24 Virden, Manitoba Canada 15 June, 1905
Bonifacio, Winifred 30 Toronto, Ontario Canada 15 June, 1905
Booth, Ellen 22 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Bost, Minnie 28 Maple Creek Canada 15 June, 1905
Bowhay, Lydia 33 London, Ontario Canada 6 April, 1905
Bowns (Bann), Jessie 16 Port Hope, Ontario Canada 2 March, 1904
Boyce, Phyllis 14 Qu'Appelle Canada 5 May, 1904
Boyd, Rachel 20 Montreal, Quebec Canada 5 May, 1904
Brailey, Lena 32 Montreal, Quebec Canada 21 January, 1904
Brailsford, Daisy 23 Toronto, Ontario Canada 11 May, 1905
Brazendale, Emma 23 Toronto, Ontario Canada 2 March, 1904
Breakell, Teresa Hamilton, Ontario Canada 6 April, 1905
Briggs, Kate 22 Toronto, Ontario Canada 9 June, 1904
Broadbent, Minnie 24 Port Hope, Ontario Canada 11 May, 1905
Broadhurst, Hannah 27 Port Arthur Canada 14 July, 1904
Brockenshor, Bessie 21 Carnduff Canada 1 July, 1903
Brocklebank, Agnes 22 Indian Head Canada 9 June, 1904
Brown, E. 18 Montreal, Quebec Canada 18 July, 1904
Brown, Fanny 18 Brandon, Manitoba Canada 9 June, 1904
Brown, S. 40 Montreal, Quebec Canada 18 July, 1904
Buchan, Margaret 25 Ottawa, Ontario Canada 6 April, 1905
Buckner, Jennie 20 Toronto, Ontario Canada 15 June, 1905
Bull, Emily 21 Fredericton, New Brunswick Canada 31 March, 1904
Burbridge, Cissie 24 Montreal, Quebec Canada 15 June, 1905
Burton, M. 28 Port Hope, Ontario Canada 18 July, 1904
Butterworth, Hannah 44 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Buxton, Mabel 20 Vancouver, British Columbia Canada 14 October, 1903
Caldwell, Angelina 26 Toronto, Ontario Canada 14 October, 1903
Caldwell, Eliz. 20 Montreal, Quebec Canada 24 November, 1904
Campbell, Flora 20 London, Ontario Canada 14 October, 1903
Carnie, Elsie 20 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Carnie, Maggie 20 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Carter, Mabel 26 St Catherines, Ontario Canada 11 May, 1905
Cash, Emily 27 Toronto, Ontario Canada 14 October, 1903
Cervante, E. 22 Kingston, Ontario Canada 18 July, 1904
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