British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa
British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa
Women's Emigration
The Hon. Mrs. Ellen Joyce was the head of the British Women’s Emigration Association (BWEA) from 1901 until 1919. The aim of the BWEA was to encourage middle class women to emigrate to the colonies because of a perceived surplus of women in England and Wales while there was a dearth of British women in the colonies, particulary in Canada and Australia. The database below lists 587 of the women assisted by the BWEA. (The database about the 1906 Emigration contains 99 names.)
 
The 1901 Census revealed that there were a million more women than men in England and Wales. Mrs. Joyce was married to a Church of England clergyman, the Reverend James Gerald Joyce, and they resided at St. John’s Croft, Winchester, Hampshire, England. Most of her work appears to have been carried out from this house as the address shows frequently in her correspondence.

The young women ranged in age from 14 to mid-40s, and the majority went to Ontario or Western Canada. Most were single, but a few of the older women were widows. All were said to be of good character. The safety of the women during and after their travel was uppermost in the BWEA's thinking and contact was maintained after their arrival to assist in integration into Canadian society, this was particularly true of the women coming through the Girls Friendly Society where Anglican congregations were the welcoming link.

The BWEA encouraged and assisted educated young women to emigrate to Canada to take up positions as governesses, and particularly domestic workers. Mrs. Joyce was a strong imperialist and felt it vital to spread British culture and maintain the colonies as part of the British Empire.
 
Mrs. Joyce was also anti-suffrage and anti-feminist and in her speeches said: "There is no bigger attitude or higher aspiration than to be one of the Daughters of a Christian Empire. The GFS [Girls Friendly Society] has done the very best Imperial work that has been done, in sending women who have been under the highest influences from cultured, refined, religious women, to become the mothers of a race, not dwarfed by poverty; or cramped by pressure as in the Nest and Nursery of the Mother-Land; but free, contented, God-fearing women in the Great Garden of the British Empire. Let us enthuse ourselves and then enthuse others with the idea that the Empire and not the island is women’s sphere . .  . Empire building ought not to be left to accident. It is the finest, most interesting, the most satisfactory bit of work an Englishwoman can lay her hands to do."
 
The Times (London, England) of Friday, May 23rd. 1924 published the following under Deaths:
JOYCE – On the 21st. May, at St. John’s Croft, Winchester, Ellen, widow of Rev. James Gerald Joyce, daughter of Francis William Rice, 5th Baron Dynevor, aged 92. Service Winchester Cathedral, 12.15pm. Interment Stratfieldsaye, to-morrow (Saturday) 3p.m. (nearest station, Mortimer).

There is a memorial to Mrs. Joyce in Winchester Cathedral that reads as follows:
To the revered memory of the Hon Ellen Joyce OBE
Lady of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem
Wife of the Rev Gerald Joyce
Born Jan 12 1832 Died May 21 1924
In gratitude for her devoted work
On behalf of the women and girls
Of the Empire and as a pioneer
Of protected emigration
 
Any records in England that contained information on individual women were destroyed in 1964, therefore the records held by Library and Archives Canada have added significance for any persons researching women’s immigration to Canada.
 
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Records: 101 to 150 of 587

Name   Age Destination Ship SS Date
Chamberlain, Kate 27 Lacombe Canada 14 July, 1904
Chapple, Alice 27 Barrie, Ontario Canada 27 October, 1904
Charlton, Henrietta Montreal, Quebec Canada 24 November, 1904
Chatfield, Bertha 24 Montreal, Quebec Canada 2 March, 1904
Chisnel, Eliza 27 Prince Albert, Northwest Territories Canada 5 August, 1903
Christie, Agnes 20 Montreal, Quebec Canada 2 March, 1904
Church, Annie 23 Montreal, Quebec Southwark 16 September, 1903
Clark, Catherine 24 Montreal, Quebec Canada 2 March, 1904
Clark, Jessie 21 Toronto, Ontario Canada 15 June, 1905
Clark, Minnie 32 Hamilton, Ontario Southwark 16 September, 1903
Clarke, Eva 36 Ashcroft Canada 9 June, 1904
Clarke, Ida 30 Toronto, Ontario Canada 5 August, 1903
Clarke, Mabel 26 Vernon Canada 5 May, 1904
Coates, M. 17 Kingston, Ontario Canada 18 July, 1904
Cohen, Julia 39 London, Ontario Canada 14 October, 1903
Coleman*, mary 25 Carmen Canada 11 May, 1905
Collett, Eleanor 28 Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan Canada 27 October, 1904
Collier, Minnie 24 Victoria, British Columbia Canada 5 May, 1904
Colls, Muriel 21 Vancouver, British Columbia Canada 15 June, 1905
Connell, Emily 19 Guelph, Ontario Canada 14 July, 1904
Connor, Bessie 30 Lancaster, Ontario Southwark 16 September, 1903
Cooper, Lilian 19 Toronto, Ontario Canada 15 June, 1905
Cooper, Rosine 21 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Cornwall, Gertrude 25 Fredericton, New Brunswick Canada 31 March, 1904
Coster, Beatrice 19 London, Ontario Canada 5 August, 1903
Courtney, Ada 18 Calgary, Alberta Canada 6 April, 1905
Courtney, Florence 24 Calgary, Alberta Canada 6 April, 1905
Cousins, Florence 28 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Cousins, Maud 29 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Crabbe, Annie 23 Kingston, Ontario Canada 14 July, 1904
Crasweller, Emma 20 Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 27 October, 1904
Cross, Alice 40 Halifax, Nova Scotia Canada 6 April, 1905
Cross, Elizabeth 27 Calgary, Alberta Canada 5 May, 1904
Crossman, Maude 24 Montreal, Quebec Canada 21 January, 1904
Crowe, Charlotte 28 Weston, Ontario Canada 1 July, 1903
Crump, Sarah 20 London, Ontario Canada 5 August, 1903
Cullen, Kate 32 London, Ontario Southwark 16 September, 1903
Cuthbert, Annie 23 Montreal, Quebec Canada 11 May, 1905
Dainton, Florence 29 Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 6 April, 1905
Dark, Annie 20 Montreal, Quebec Canada 31 March, 1904
Darrell, Agnes 20 Montreal, Quebec Canada 27 October, 1904
Davidson, Maggie 17 Montreal, Quebec Canada 2 March, 1904
Davies, Rose Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 9 June, 1904
Davis, Mary 24 London, Ontario Canada 14 October, 1903
de Ville, May 26 Millarville Canada 5 May, 1904
de Wynter, Agnes 53 New Westminster, British Columbia Canada 14 October, 1903
Denham, Emma 30 Vancouver, British Columbia Canada 14 October, 1903
Denny, Elizabeth 32 Toronto, Ontario Canada 5 May, 1904
Denny, Emily 17 Toronto, Ontario Canada 5 May, 1904
Devine, Suzan 26 Toronto, Ontario Canada 15 June, 1905
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