British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa
British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa
Women's Emigration
The Hon. Mrs. Ellen Joyce was the head of the British Women’s Emigration Association (BWEA) from 1901 until 1919. The aim of the BWEA was to encourage middle class women to emigrate to the colonies because of a perceived surplus of women in England and Wales while there was a dearth of British women in the colonies, particulary in Canada and Australia. The database below lists 587 of the women assisted by the BWEA. (The database about the 1906 Emigration contains 99 names.)
 
The 1901 Census revealed that there were a million more women than men in England and Wales. Mrs. Joyce was married to a Church of England clergyman, the Reverend James Gerald Joyce, and they resided at St. John’s Croft, Winchester, Hampshire, England. Most of her work appears to have been carried out from this house as the address shows frequently in her correspondence.

The young women ranged in age from 14 to mid-40s, and the majority went to Ontario or Western Canada. Most were single, but a few of the older women were widows. All were said to be of good character. The safety of the women during and after their travel was uppermost in the BWEA's thinking and contact was maintained after their arrival to assist in integration into Canadian society, this was particularly true of the women coming through the Girls Friendly Society where Anglican congregations were the welcoming link.

The BWEA encouraged and assisted educated young women to emigrate to Canada to take up positions as governesses, and particularly domestic workers. Mrs. Joyce was a strong imperialist and felt it vital to spread British culture and maintain the colonies as part of the British Empire.
 
Mrs. Joyce was also anti-suffrage and anti-feminist and in her speeches said: "There is no bigger attitude or higher aspiration than to be one of the Daughters of a Christian Empire. The GFS [Girls Friendly Society] has done the very best Imperial work that has been done, in sending women who have been under the highest influences from cultured, refined, religious women, to become the mothers of a race, not dwarfed by poverty; or cramped by pressure as in the Nest and Nursery of the Mother-Land; but free, contented, God-fearing women in the Great Garden of the British Empire. Let us enthuse ourselves and then enthuse others with the idea that the Empire and not the island is women’s sphere . .  . Empire building ought not to be left to accident. It is the finest, most interesting, the most satisfactory bit of work an Englishwoman can lay her hands to do."
 
The Times (London, England) of Friday, May 23rd. 1924 published the following under Deaths:
JOYCE – On the 21st. May, at St. John’s Croft, Winchester, Ellen, widow of Rev. James Gerald Joyce, daughter of Francis William Rice, 5th Baron Dynevor, aged 92. Service Winchester Cathedral, 12.15pm. Interment Stratfieldsaye, to-morrow (Saturday) 3p.m. (nearest station, Mortimer).

There is a memorial to Mrs. Joyce in Winchester Cathedral that reads as follows:
To the revered memory of the Hon Ellen Joyce OBE
Lady of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem
Wife of the Rev Gerald Joyce
Born Jan 12 1832 Died May 21 1924
In gratitude for her devoted work
On behalf of the women and girls
Of the Empire and as a pioneer
Of protected emigration
 
Any records in England that contained information on individual women were destroyed in 1964, therefore the records held by Library and Archives Canada have added significance for any persons researching women’s immigration to Canada.
 
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Records: 201 to 250 of 587

Name   Age Destination Ship SS Date
Glass, Elizabeth 23 Montreal, Quebec Canada 15 June, 1905
Gleeson, Ethel 21 Toronto, Ontario Canada 2 March, 1904
Glodhill, Louisa 20 Montreal, Quebec Canada 31 March, 1904
Goddard, Ethel 21 Montreal, Quebec Canada 22 September, 1904
Godman, Agnes 36 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Godman, Alice 37 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Godman, Mary 31 Montreal, Quebec Canada 6 April, 1905
Goodall, Mabel 22 Hilton Canada 2 March, 1904
Gordon, Annie 24 Montreal, Quebec Southwark 16 September, 1903
Gowie, Georgina 24 Montreal, Quebec Canada 2 March, 1904
Graham, Mary 20 Montreal, Quebec Canada 27 October, 1904
Grant, Marion 28 Toronto, Ontario Canada 9 June, 1904
Grant, Mary 40 Vancouver, British Columbia Canada 11 May, 1905
Gray, Ada 26 Montreal, Quebec Canada 14 October, 1903
Gray, Clara 36 Montreal, Quebec Canada 22 September, 1904
Gray, Mary 25 Toronto, Ontario Canada 14 October, 1903
Green, Sarah 36 Chatham Canada 27 October, 1904
Gresty*, Eliz. 26 Toronto, Ontario Canada 11 May, 1905
Griffin, Elizabeth 26 Montreal, Quebec Canada 14 July, 1904
Griffiths, Jane 26 Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 1 July, 1903
Gruggan, Miss 22 Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 5 May, 1904
Gruggan, Miss G. 15 Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 5 May, 1904
Gulliford, Emma 20 Guelph, Ontario Canada 9 June, 1904
Gunn, Lizzie 32 Montreal, Quebec Canada 15 June, 1905
Haile, Mary 25 Toronto, Ontario Canada 9 June, 1904
Hall, Jessie 25 Toronto, Ontario Canada 15 June, 1905
Ham, Henrietta 21 Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 11 May, 1905
Hamsworth, Ethel 18 Port Hope, Ontario Canada 5 May, 1904
Hannon, Mary 21 London, Ontario Canada 5 August, 1903
Harding, Edith 27 Lethbridge, Alberta Canada 9 June, 1904
Harris, Ada 22 Montreal, Quebec Canada 24 November, 1904
Harrison, Clara 22 Montreal, Quebec Canada 11 May, 1905
Hartley, Alice 25 Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada 1 July, 1903
Harvey, Elizabeth 25 Montreal, Quebec Canada 15 June, 1905
Harvey, Ellen 18 Montreal, Quebec Canada 15 June, 1905
Haskell, Mrs. 43 Toronto, Ontario Canada 2 March, 1904
Haskins, Ada 24 Montreal, Quebec Canada 11 May, 1905
Hawes, Agnes 20 Montreal, Quebec Dominion 21 April, 1904
Hawes, Margaret 42 Montreal, Quebec Dominion 21 April, 1904
Hawkins, Julia 19 Toronto, Ontario Canada 9 June, 1904
Hayes, Edith 27 Kingston, Ontario Canada 5 May, 1904
Hayes, Eliza 17 Kingston, Ontario Canada 5 May, 1904
Hayes, N. 22 Montreal, Quebec Canada 18 July, 1904
Henvis, Maud 24 Montreal, Quebec Canada 14 July, 1904
Hepburn, Maria 24 Toronto, Ontario Canada 15 June, 1905
Herbet, Sarah 31 Montreal, Quebec Canada 15 June, 1905
Hewitt, F. 16 Fleming, Assiniboia Canada 18 July, 1904
Higgs, Katherine 32 Vancouver, British Columbia Canada 15 June, 1905
Hill, Elizabeth 27 Barrie, Ontario Canada 27 October, 1904
Hill , Janet 30 Montreal, Quebec Canada 1 July, 1903
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